What Is an Evacuation Plan?
An evacuation plan involves an organised relocation of people or animals from an endangered area to a safe area. This is usually done in response to a crisis or disaster such as a fire, bomb threat, or flood. It is essential that a structured and organised evacuation plan be created before an actual crisis takes place so that it can be utilized when needed. Crisis communication and management tools like wireless emergency alerts and public warning systems are great for organising evacuations.
Important aspects of evacuation plans include having a pre-organised muster point where everyone should gather and doing a headcount to ensure that everyone is accounted for.
Types of Evacuation Plans
There are 4 main types of evacuation plans.
An immediate, total evacuation due to an immediate threat. This can be signalled by a phone emergency alert or an SMS emergency alert.
An orderly evacuation for certain indirect threats that are not immediately life-threatening.
An evacuation that only affects people who are in the immediate danger area. The threat may not be severe enough to warrant a full evacuation.
Internal People Relocation
This is done in situations where the escape route is not accessible for any reason. An internal people relocation evacuation moves people inside the building to an area that is assumed to be safe.
Why Are Evacuation Plans Important?
Evacuation plans are extremely important for emergency preparedness and safety management. When you have an evacuation and use emergency notification solutions, you can avoid escalating the danger by introducing confusion or barriers to escape. Evacuation plans streamline the evacuation process and minimise the damage caused by threats.